1.

図書

図書
ed. by B. C. Kuo
出版情報: Illinois : Incremental Motion Control Systems Society, 1987
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2.

図書

図書
editor-in-chief, Ron M. Walls ; senior editors, Robert S. Hockberger ... [et al.] ; editors, Katie Bakes ... [et al.]
出版情報: Philadelphia, Pa. : Elsevier, c2023
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3.

図書

図書
editor-in-chief, Ron M. Walls ; senior editors, Robert S. Hockberger ... [et al.] ; editors, Katie Bakes ... [et al.]
出版情報: Philadelphia, Pa. : Elsevier, c2023
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4.

論文(リポジトリ)

論文(リポジトリ)
Osada, Yohei ; 長田, 庸平
出版情報: Fauna Ryukyuana.  65  pp.1-2,  2022-09-16.  琉球大学資料館 (風樹館)
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12000/0002019449
概要: Notocelia yakushimensis Kawabe isnewly recorded from the Yaeyama Islands. The specimen and male genitalia are shown. Eve n though emergence season of this species has been known as June, this individual was collected in October.
ミナミモッコクヒメハマキ ( 旧和名 : ヤクシマヒメハマキ ) は日本の固有種で , これまで本州 ( 和歌山県 ), 屋久島 , 奄美大島 , 沖縄島から知られていた . 寄主植物は , モッコク科のモッコクである . 大阪公立大学での標本調査において , 西表島産の本種の標本が確認されたので , ここに記録する . 八重山諸島では初記録と思われる . なお , 本種成虫は国内では 6 月に発生するとされているが , 本記録の個体は 10 月に採集されている . 八重山諸島では発生消長が異なる可能性がある .
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5.

論文(リポジトリ)

論文(リポジトリ)
大澤, 正幸 ; Osawa, Masayuki ; 藤田, 喜久 ; Fujita, Yoshihisa
出版情報: Fauna Ryukyuana.  65  pp.41-51,  2022-09-16.  琉球大学資料館 (風樹館)
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12000/0002019452
概要: Polyonyx haigae McNeil, 1968, a poorly known species of the porcellanid genus Polyonyx Stimpson, 1858, is recorded for t he first time from Japanese waters based on material collected from Oura Bay in Okinawa Island of the Ryukyu Islands, southwestern Japan. This represents the third record of the species and extends the distribution range more northward and eastward than the previous record from the Nansha Islands in the South China Sea. The present two specimens occurred as a heterosexual pair in a tube of an unidentified species of the polychaete genus Chaetopterus Cuvier, 1830. This symbiotic habit has been also known for many of the other species of the P. sinensis group to which P. haigae belongs.
沖縄島の大浦湾から採集された標本に基づき , ヤワゲヤドリカニダマシ ( 新称 ) Polyonyx haigae McNeil, 1968 を報告し , 詳細に記載した . 沖縄島の標本は , 本種の日本沿岸からの初記録 , そして西太平洋域からの 3 番目の記録となる . 本種は , ツバサゴカイ属 Chaetopterus の未同定種の棲管中から雌雄 1 対で得られた . ツバサゴカイ属の種との共生は , 本種が属する P. sinensis 種群の他の多くの種においても知られている .
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6.

論文(リポジトリ)

論文(リポジトリ)
Yamazaki, Daishi ; 山崎, 大志
出版情報: Fauna Ryukyuana.  65  pp.75-81,  2022-09-16.  琉球大学資料館 (風樹館)
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12000/0002019456
概要: The present study reports the first record of the genus Japonia Gould, 1859 from Kikaijima Island, the Amami Gunto Islan ds, Japan. The Japonia species found in Kikaijima Island is identified as J. tokunoshimana Pilsbry & Y. Hirase, 1904 based on the presence of two rows of petal-like and spreading periostracal hairs on the shell. Although many of the hairs of the present specimen of J. tokunoshimana have unfortunately fallen out, their relatively short length suggests that the Kikaijima specimen is J. t. tokunoshimana, not J. t. okinoerabuensis Minato, 1974.
奄美群島喜界島に産するヤマトガイ属 Japonia の初記録を報告する . 琉球列島における本属の既知種はそれぞれ殻皮毛に関する特徴で区別されている . 喜界島産の本報告個体は,2 列かつ広い花弁状の殻皮毛をもつことから種トクノシマヤマトガイ J. tokunoshimana Pilsbry & Y. Hirase, 1904 と同定された . さらにトクノシマヤマトガイは殻皮毛の長さから基亜種 J. tokunoshimana tokunoshimana もしくはオキノエラブヤマトガイ J. tokunoshimana okinoerabuensis Minato, 1974 に分かたれている . 本報告個体の殻皮毛の多くは脱落しているが残存するものは比較的短いことから , オキノエラブヤマトガイではなくトクノシマヤマトガイと同定した . 本属の多くは希産種であり , 絶滅が心配されている一方 , 十分な分類学的検討を欠く . 琉球列島における分布記録の集積に加え , 今後の詳細な形態的・遺伝的解析が求められる .
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7.

論文(リポジトリ)

論文(リポジトリ)
Futenma, Kunihiro ; Takaesu, Yoshikazu ; Nakamura, Masaki ; Hayashida, Kenichi ; Takeuchi, Noboru ; Inoue, Yuichi
出版情報: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.  19  2022-05-22.  MDPI
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12000/0002019345
概要: Narcolepsy types 1 (NT1) and 2 (NT2) and idiopathic hypersomnia (IH) are thought to be a disease continuum known as narc olepsy spectrum disorders (NSDs). This study aimed to assess the prevalence of and factors associated with metabolic-syndrome-related disorders (MRDs) among patients with NSD. Japanese patients with NSD (NT1, n = 94; NT2, n = 83; and IH, n = 57) aged ≥35 years were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. MRD was defined as having at least one of the following conditions: hypertension, diabetes, or dyslipidemia. Demographic variables and MRD incidence were compared among patients in the respective NSD categories. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the factors associated with MRDs. Patients with NT1 had a higher body mass index (BMI) and incidence of MRD than that had by those with NT2 or IH. Age, BMI, and the presence of OSA were significantly associated with the incidence of MRD in NSDs. Age and BMI in NT1, BMI and human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DQB1*06:02 positivity in NT2, and only age in IH were factors associated with the incidence of MRD. Obesity should be carefully monitored in narcolepsy; however, NT2 with HLA-DQB1*06:02 positive should be followed up for the development of MRD even without obesity. 続きを見る
8.

論文(リポジトリ)

論文(リポジトリ)
Deng, Yange ; Fujinari, Hiroaki ; Yai, Hikari ; Shimada, Kojiro ; Miyazaki, Yuzo ; Tachibana, Eri ; Deshmukh, K. Dhananjay ; Kawamura, Kimitaka ; Nakayama, Tomoki ; Tatsuta, Shiori ; Cai, Mingfu ; Xu, Hanbing ; Li, Fei ; Tan, Haobo ; Ohata, Sho ; Kondo, Yutaka ; Takami, Akinori ; Hatakeyama, Shiro ; Mochida, Michihiro
出版情報: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics.  22  pp.5515-5533,  2022-05-02.  European Geosciences Union — Copernicus Publications
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12000/0002017926
概要: Filter-based offline analysis of atmospheric aerosol hygroscopicity coupled to composition analysis provides information complementary to that obtained from online analysis. However, its application itself and comparison to online analysis have remained limited to date. In this study, daily submicrometer aerosol particles (PM0.95, 50 % cutoff diameter 0.95 µm) were collected onto quartz fiber filters on Okinawa Island, a receptor of East Asian outflow, in the autumn of 2015. The chemical composition of water-soluble matter (WSM) in PM0.95, PM0.95 itself, and their respective hygroscopicities were characterized through the offline use of an aerosol mass spectrometer and a hygroscopicity tandem differential mobility analyzer. Thereafter, results were compared with those obtained from online analyses. Sulfate dominated the WSM mass (59 %), followed by water-soluble organic matter (WSOM, 20 %) and ammonium (13 %). WSOM accounted for most (91 %) of the mass of extracted organic matter (EOM) and the atomic O-to-C ratios (O : C) of WSOM and EOM were high (mean ± standard deviation were 0.84 ± 0.08 and 0.78 ± 0.08, respectively), both of which indicate highly aged characteristics of the observed aerosol. The hygroscopic growth curves showed clear hysteresis for most samples. At 85 % relative humidity (RH), the calculated hygroscopicity parameter κ values of the WSM (κWSM), WSOM, EOM, andPM0.95 (κPM0.95 ) were 0.50 ± 0.03, 0.22 ± 0.12, 0.20 ± 0.11, and 0.47 ± 0.03, respectively. An analysis using the thermodynamic Extended Aerosol Inorganics Model (E-AIM) shows, on average, that inorganic salts and WSOM contributed 88 % and 12 %, respectively, of the κWSM (or κPM0.95 ). High similarities were found between offline and online analysis for chemical compositions that are related to particle hygroscopicity (the mass fractions and O : C of organics and the degree of neutralization) and also for aerosol hygroscopicity. As possible factors governing the variation in κWSM, the influences of WSOM abundance and the neutralization of inorganic salts were assessed. At high RH (70 %–90 %), the hygroscopicity of WSM and PM0.95 was affected considerably by the presence of organic components; at low RH (20 %–50 %), the degree of neutralization could be important.This study not only characterized aerosol hygroscopicity at the receptor site of East Asian outflow but also shows that offline hygroscopicity analysis is an appropriate method, at least for aerosols of the studied type. The results encourage further applications to other environments and to more in-depth hygroscopicity analysis, in particular for organic fractions. 続きを見る
9.

論文(リポジトリ)

論文(リポジトリ)
水山, 克 ; Mizuyama, Masaru ; 久保, 弘文 ; Kubo, Hirofumi ; 藤田, 喜久 ; Fujita, Yoshihisa
出版情報: Fauna Ryukyuana — Fauna Ryukyuana.  64  pp.65-73,  2022-04-07.  琉球大学資料館 (風樹館)
概要: 琉球列島の海底洞窟 (沖縄諸島の沖縄島および伊江島, 宮古諸島の下地島) からハチノスキクザルChama cerion Matsukuma, Paulay & Hamada, 2003 の生貝を記録した. これらの標本は, 本種のホロタイプ 標本と同様に, 右殻表面に折れ曲がって重なり合う特徴的な鱗片状突起が確認され, また, この突起構造は左殻にも見られることが明らかとなった. 一方, 少なくとも本種のパラタイプ標本の一部には鱗片状突起が見らない個体が含まれており, C. cerion のパラタイプ標本にはホロタイプ標本とは異なる種 (おそらく未記載種) が含まれている可能性が示唆された. 本種の生貝記録は, トンガ王国ニウエ島で採集された一例のみとされてきたが, このパラタイプ標本はC. cerion ではない可能性があることから, 本報告が本種の確実な生貝の初記録となる. また, 本種が海底洞窟内のアンキアライン環境 (暗黒下かつ低塩分環境) に生息することも明らかとなった.
The rare chamid bivalve, Chama cerion Matsukuma, Paulay & Hamada, 2003, is recorded from submarine caves in Okinawa-jima Island and Ie-jima Island of the Okinawa Island Group, and Shimoji-jima Island of the Miyako Island Group, Ryukyu Islands, southwestern Japan. The specimens examined possessed bent over, overlapping scales that characterize the outer surface of right valve of the holotype of C. cerion, and these characteristic scales were also found in the left valve. On the other hand, these characteristic scales were not found in a paratype examined in this study. This indicates that at least one paratype is not conspecific to the holotype and they seem to consist of more than two species, including a potentially undescribed species. All the specimens of C. cerion from the Ryukyu Islands have been found in anchialine environments of submarine caves (darkness and low salinity conditions), and these records represent the first definite findings of living individuals of C. cerion.
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10.

論文(リポジトリ)

論文(リポジトリ)
Shimada, Kojiro ; Nohchi, Masayuki ; Maeshima, Koji ; Uchino, Tomonori ; Kobayashi, Yusuke ; Ono, Kazuki ; Ogata, Hiroko ; Katsumi, Naoya ; Inazu, Koji ; Okochi, Hiroshi
出版情報: Scientific Reports.  12  pp.4249-,  2022-03-11.  Springer Nature
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12000/0002017922
概要: The concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in aerosol were measured in Shinjuku, which is central Tok yo, Japan, for 10 years from 2007 to 2016. The efects of changes in emission sources and their degradation by reaction with ozone were assessed in this study. There was no signifcant increasing or decreasing trend of the PAH concentrations during 10 years (P> 0.05). The average selected seven the PAH concentrations (0.88 ng ­m−3) during 10 years was lower than those in New York and Paris. However, the trend of ozone concentrations is increasing in central Tokyo. This inconsistency raises a question. Did the fact that the ozone concentration was higher than the PAH concentrations promote PAH degradation? To apportion the PAH sources, we used PAH concentration profles and positive matrix factorization analysis. The contribution of vehicle emissions to the PAHs ranged from 40 to 80%. Ozone concentrations increased by 3.70%/year during 10 years. The theoretical degradation rates of PAHs by ozone, which were calculated using a pseudo-frst-order rate equation, suggested that the lifetimes of benzo[a]pyrene (BaP) decreased by 1 min from 2007 to 2016. We investigated the aging of BaP using the profle of the isomer ratios. We found that the aging of BaP at the urban and roadside sites were nearly identical indicating aging regardless of the season. Although the decomposition of BaP is promoted by the photochemical oxidation reaction, this result suggests that a certain threshold value exists as the degree of the decomposition. This degradation of PAH can improve chemical loss processes in air quality model. 続きを見る
11.

図書

図書
[edited by] Courtney M. Townsend, Jr. ... [et al.]
出版情報: St. Louis, Mo. : Elsevier, c2022
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12.

図書

図書
Gerald G. Briggs, Craig V. Towers, Alicia B. Forinash
出版情報: Philadelphia : Wolters Kluwer, c2022
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13.

図書

図書
Katherine Stuart van Wormer, Clemens Bartollas
出版情報: New York, NY : Routledge, 2022
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14.

図書

図書
edited by Nicholas McGuinn ... [et al.]
出版情報: London : Routledge, 2022
シリーズ名: Routledge research in education
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図書

図書
[edited by] Roberta L. Hines, Stephanie B. Jones
出版情報: Philadelphia, PA : Elsevier, c2022
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16.

図書

図書
Paul F. Rothstein, David Crump, Ronald J. Coleman
出版情報: Saint Paul : West Academic Publishing, c2022
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図書

図書
edited by Peter Libby, ... [et al.] ; founding editor and online editor Eugene Braunwald
出版情報: Philadelphia, Pa. : Elsevier, c2022
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18.

図書

図書
[edited by] Richard A. Polin, Steven H. Abman, David Rowitch, William E. Benitz
出版情報: Amsterdam : Elsevier, c2022
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19.

図書

図書
[edited by] Richard A. Polin, Steven H. Abman, David Rowitch, William E. Benitz
出版情報: Amsterdam : Elsevier, c2022
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20.

図書

図書
edited by Elan D. Louis, Stephan A. Mayer, James M. Noble
出版情報: Philadelphia : Wolters Kluwer, c2022
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21.

図書

図書
editors, Robert Joseph Boland, Marcia L. Verduin ; consulting editor, Pedro Ruiz
出版情報: Philadelphia : Wolters Kluwer, c2022
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22.

図書

図書
edited by Mohammad J. Ahmadian, Michael H. Long
出版情報: Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2022
シリーズ名: Cambridge handbooks in language and linguistics
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23.

図書

図書
edited by Peter Libby, ... [et al.] ; founding editor and online editor Eugene Braunwald
出版情報: Philadelphia, Pa. : Elsevier, c2022
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24.

図書

図書
[edited by] Alfredo Quiñones-Hinojosa
出版情報: Philadelphia, PA : Elsevier, c2022
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25.

図書

図書
[edited by] Alfredo Quiñones-Hinojosa
出版情報: Philadelphia, PA : Elsevier, c2022
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26.

図書

図書
Jean-Luc Lebrun and Justin Lebrun
出版情報: Singapore : World Scientific, c2022
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27.

図書

図書
by Ernest Hemingway ; adapted by Roland Kelts
出版情報: 東京 : IBCパブリッシング, 2022.1
シリーズ名: 洋販ラダーシリーズ ; Level 3(1600-word)
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28.

図書

図書
Jane Bottomley
出版情報: London : Routledge, [2021]
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29.

図書

図書
Frank H. Netter著 ; 相磯貞和, 今西宣晶訳
出版情報: [東京] : エルゼビア・ジャパン , 東京 : 南江堂 (発売), 2022.1
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30.

図書

図書
A.A.ミルン原著 ; イクラス・アブドゥル・ハディリライト
出版情報: 東京 : IBCパブリッシング, 2022.3
シリーズ名: IBCオーディオブックス : やさしい英語を聴いて読む
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31.

図書

図書
松村雪枝, 田中美保子再話 ; 山本史絵 ; 横山晶子ことばの解説 ; 藤田Round幸世, Rick Round英訳
出版情報: 東京 : ひつじ書房, 2022.1
シリーズ名: みる・よむ・きく南の島ことば絵本 ; 沖永良部島
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32.

図書

図書
Daniel Zwillinger, Vladimir Dobrushkin
出版情報: Boca Raton : CRC Press, 2022
シリーズ名: Advances in applied mathematics / series editor, Daniel Zwillinger
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33.

図書

図書
David Churchill, Henry Yeomans and Iain Channing
出版情報: Milton Park : Routledge, 2022
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34.

図書

図書
[edited by] Catherine M. Otto
出版情報: Philadelphia, Pa. : Elsevier, c2022
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35.

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図書
associate volume editors, Blossom Damania, Jeffrey I. Cohen
出版情報: Philadelphia : Wolters Kluwer, c2022
シリーズ名: Fields virology / editors-in-chief, Peter M. Howley, David M. Knipe ; v. 2
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36.

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図書
edited by Marilyn Fleer ... [et al.]
出版情報: London : Bloomsbury Academic, 2022
シリーズ名: Transitions in childhood and youth / series editors, Marilyn Fleer, Mariane Hedegaard and Megan Adams
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37.

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図書
[edited by] Vijaya B. Reddy ... [et al.]
出版情報: Philadelphia : Elsevier, c2022
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38.

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図書
Francis T. Cullen, Robert Agnew, Pamela Wilcox
出版情報: New York : Oxford University Press, c2022
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39.

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図書
Stephen Bailey
出版情報: Abingdon : Routledge, 2022
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40.

その他

その他
出版情報: Okinawan Journal of Island Studies.  3  2022-03.  Research Institute for Islands and Sustainability
概要: その他
41.

その他

その他
出版情報: Okinawan Journal of Island Studies.  3  pp.223-227,  2022-03.  Research Institute for Islands and Sustainability
概要: その他
42.

その他

その他
出版情報: Okinawan Journal of Island Studies.  3  2022-03.  Research Institute for Islands and Sustainability
概要: その他
43.

論文(リポジトリ)

論文(リポジトリ)
Johnson, Henry
出版情報: Okinawan Journal of Island Studies.  3  pp.3-20,  2022-03.  Research Institute for Islands and Sustainability
概要: This article interrogates how the small Japanese island of Enoshima (江の島) signifies island heritage across space and pla ce. Applying a critical approach at the intersection of island studies and heritage studies, Enoshima is explored through the lens of observational study in connection with the three interconnected themes of environment, ritual, and creative arts, with each illuminating knowledge on the place of the island in a broader terrestrial and cultural setting. Rather than looking in detail at heritage roots, emphasis is given to interpreting key thematic routes of heritage construction. This interdisciplinary line of inquiry consolidates and extends scholarly thought within the field of island studies and pertains to island boundaries on the one hand and island signification on the other. These interconnected and overlapping areas of thought offer a way of situating Enoshima within an interpretative scholarly framework where an island and its heritage are considered within and beyond the physical and geographic borders of land and sea. 続きを見る
44.

論文(リポジトリ)

論文(リポジトリ)
Tu, Shiu Hong Simon
出版情報: Okinawan Journal of Island Studies.  3  pp.21-40,  2022-03.  Research Institute for Islands and Sustainability
概要: Since the twenty-fi rst century, Japan has seen the emergence of hundreds of contemporary art projects and festivals in rural regions. These initiatives aim at revitalizing the severely depopulated communities by attracting visitors and media exposure in the hope of attracting young migrants to ameliorate the demographic crisis. Inaugurated in 2010, the Setouchi Triennale in Kagawa and Okayama Prefectures is one of the famous showcases. Taking place within twelve island communities in the Seto Inland Sea, each edition of the Triennale reportedly received approximately one million visitors and generated tens of billions of yen of economic ripple effects. This paper adopts Akira Ōno’s concept of “marginal village” and examines the Triennale’s contribution to the survival of these communities. Shifting the focus away from the Triennale, this paper investigates the continuation of community functions by comparing ethnographic cases of local festive events on the islands of Teshima, Ogijima, and Inujima. By doing so, this paper demonstrates the potentials and limitations of the Triennale in helping depopulated communities to survive. 続きを見る
45.

論文(リポジトリ)

論文(リポジトリ)
McCormick, A. D.
出版情報: Okinawan Journal of Island Studies.  3  pp.41-60,  2022-03.  Research Institute for Islands and Sustainability
概要: In an effort to draw tourists and revitalize communities, a growing number of peripheral islands in Japan have utilized contemporary art to augment local traditions and heritage forms. Such “site-specific” artwork recontextualizes these forms for an outside, typically affluent gaze. The purported benefit for communities is an influx of fresh faces and new tourist revenue streams. However, the presence of contemporary art in rural or peripheral contexts can have an alienating effect, particularly if it is developed with some level of input from community members only for that engagement to cease when the work is complete, the resulting (static) product intended purely for tourist consumption. In this ethnographic study, which examines the well-known “art island” of Naoshima, various forms of artwork are discussed in relation to their socio-cultural settings, with a hyper-controlled and development-focused institutional regime proving disadvantageous to sustainable social outcomes. The study culminates in an action-research derived set of findings that uncover new, more socially relevant forms of artistic creation on the island, which illustrate the challenge up until now while also suggesting a positive path forward. 続きを見る
46.

論文(リポジトリ)

論文(リポジトリ)
Hamadeh, Alia
出版情報: Okinawan Journal of Island Studies.  3  pp.61-76,  2022-03.  Research Institute for Islands and Sustainability
概要: This paper puts forward an architectural history of the Benesse art museums on Naoshima within their context of environm ental framing, within the theoretical framework of island relationality. By drawing connections to the planetary consciousness and imaginaries that emerged globally in the 1960s growing public environmental consciousness, I utilize Pugh’s concept of island relationality to view the architecture and its geometry as codifi ed forms signifying the planetary consciousness of the Anthropocene. This is then used to build on well-documented research on the Benesse Art Site project and its neocolonial effects on Naoshima’s small communities by linking its built environment to historical developments that are pertinent to today’s concerns around climate change and sustainability within architectural, museum, and island studies. This theoretical framework redefines the aesthetic and geometric qualities of the museums through a planetary scale that reveals a multiplicity of local, global, and planetary codifications of neocolonial activity in their architectural forms. Finally, I discuss how revealing these codifications has the potential to ecologically orient local critical discussions around heritage. 続きを見る
47.

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論文(リポジトリ)
Nguyen, Hoang Van ; Vo, Thanh Van ; Quang, Tuyen Dai
出版情報: Okinawan Journal of Island Studies.  3  pp.77-96,  2022-03.  Research Institute for Islands and Sustainability
概要: Although the discussion of marine cultural heritage has received much attention, limited research considers the culture and heritage of small islands, especially in a developing country like Vietnam. In recent years, socio-economic development programs on the small islands, on the one hand, have made significant contribution to the local economies; on the other hand, the development process has caused negative impacts on natural as well as cultural aspects of small islands, particularly the marine cultural heritage. This paper examines the current situation and future challenges of marine cultural heritage under pressure of socio-economic evolution on Lý So^'n Island of Vietnam. A qualitative approach was used in this study to analyze and synthesize the data. In addition, semistructured interviews were conducted with key persons who study and live on Lý So^'n Island. Preliminary findings revealed that the marine cultural heritage in the study site is being preserved quite well in terms of tangible and intangible cultural heritage. However, future challenges related to the impacts of economic restructuring (e.g., changing from traditional fi shery to other sectors) and tourism development (e.g., changing the local lifestyle) will be happening that may cause the loss of marine cultural heritage on this small island. This research suggests that the local government policy makers should take these challenges into consideration together with economic development goals. Future research is also needed to widen the perspectives of other stakeholders regarding the relationship between economic development and the conservation of marine cultural heritage of small islands. 続きを見る
48.

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Chang, Shenglin Elijah ; Chung, You-Ren
出版情報: Okinawan Journal of Island Studies.  3  pp.97-114,  2022-03.  Research Institute for Islands and Sustainability
概要: We advocate Tao-style (adjustable or contradictory) equality, which offers an alternative vision of resource sharing and community collaboration beyond the traditional currency- based worldview. Based on qualitative research and participatory observation, we provide evidence of fishing allocations from three small fishing communities on Lanyu Island. We demonstrate that the notion of equality in Tao culture is anticapitalist. More importantly, by analyzing community-based fishing allocations of the Tao, we identify two recognizable qualities—islandness and the culture of small fishers—that have not been discussed in recent studies of the indigenous Tao. We conclude that traditional means of production are essential for small island societies. To balance the economic development of small islands worldwide, researchers, scholars, and policymakers should learn more about these small fisheries. 続きを見る
49.

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Beuningen, Pascal von
出版情報: Okinawan Journal of Island Studies.  3  pp.115-141,  2022-03.  Research Institute for Islands and Sustainability
概要: Islands are one of the frequently represented images of tourism. Often seen by Western tourists in particular as a symbol of paradise that offers beaches, sea, and relaxation, islands are also places of cultural and religious heritage and in some cases, actively being promoted as Island of God(s) by tourism boards. In general, sacred places are often marked as tourist sites within travel information sources. Tourists from various religious backgrounds and belief systems visit these with different motivations. Hence, information becomes an integral part of making sacred places understandable. Yet little research has been found on how sacred places in general are represented within travel information sources. Therefore, this study aims to explore their representation at two World Heritage Sites in Japan. Both sites are on or include islands that are considered sacred and are home to the shrines of Itsukushima Jinja and Munakata Taisha. A variety of travel guidebooks, tourism association websites, the shrines themselves, and UNESCO were chosen as travel information sources, as these represent the views from within and outside the destination. Through content analysis, it was possible to classify the information, and it was found that Japanese sources have a stronger focus on the religious elements of the sites while Western sources are rare on Munakata Taisha, and in the case of Itsukushima Jinja, they focus on the landscape of the island and promote it as a highlight of Japan. That has implications for the sacred sites since information about their religious character is not consistent across the sources and needs further exploration of how tourism impacts the religious and sacred activities of the shrines and their worshippers. 続きを見る
50.

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論文(リポジトリ)
Muliaumaseali, Marion
出版情報: Okinawan Journal of Island Studies.  3  pp.143-158,  2022-03.  Research Institute for Islands and Sustainability
概要: How does the mobile phone connect Samoan people with kin in the afterworld? This article discusses the va tapuia (sacred space) and how the mobile phone becomes part of this ancient Samoan rhetoric. “Text messages from the grave” explores the collision of mobile technology and the Samoan belief of the space in-between (va) to demonstrate its social and cultural impact in Samoan villages. Albert Wendt describes va as “the space between, the between-ness, not empty space, not space that separates but space that relates, that holds separate entities and things together in the Unity-that-is-All” (Grace et al. 1999, 402). It is the space in between kin, family, and community where harmony and unity are prioritized (Lui 2003). The va tapuia is where sacred spaces of relational arrangements exist (Tui Atua 2009) and where the mobile phone allegedly connects to the afterworld. 続きを見る