1.

論文(リポジトリ)

論文(リポジトリ)
宮内, 久光 ; Miyauchi, Hisamitsu
出版情報: 地理歴史人類学論集 = Journal of Geography, History, and Anthropology.  pp.21-39,  2019-03-31.  琉球大学国際地域創造学部地域文化科学プログラム — Faculty of Global and Regional Studies Geography, History and Anthropology Program University of the Ryukyus
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12000/44333
概要: 本研究では、国土の最縁辺部に位置する沖縄県宮古島を研究対象地域として、2000 年代前半における宮古島からの季節労働移動を、組織的求人システムを構成する求人企業、職安、求職者、マスコミ企業といった各要素の動きから実態を明らかにすることを目的 としている。まず、2000年代前半における宮古島からの季節労働移動の概観を捉えるため、移動者数の推移と景気変動との関係、移動者の出身地や年齢などの特性について明らかにする。次に組織的求人システムにおける求職者と求人企業とが空間的に結合される場である宮古職安での現地選考会の状況について、職安や求人企業が提供した資料から紹介する。最後に製造業に就業する製造季節を取り上げ、季節移動における三つの経路ごとに移動形態と季節労働者の特性について検討することで、沖縄県に構築された季節労働者求人システムの中で、宮古島出身者の移動の特徴を考察する。 続きを見る
2.

論文(リポジトリ)

論文(リポジトリ)
金城, 宏幸 ; 町田, 宗博 ; 宮内, 久光 ; 酒井, アルベルト 清 ; 花木, 宏直 ; Kinjo, Hiroyuki ; Machida, Munehiro ; Miyauchi, Hisamitsu ; Sakai, A. Kiyoshi ; Hanaki, Hironao
出版情報: 移民研究 = Immigration Studies.  pp.93-114,  2019-03.  沖縄移民研究センター — Center for Okinawa Migration Studies
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12000/45309
3.

論文(リポジトリ)

論文(リポジトリ)
宮内, 久光 ; Miyauchi, Hisamitsu
出版情報: 移民研究 = Immigration Studies.  pp.55-86,  2019-11.  沖縄移民研究センター — Center for Okinawa Migration Studies
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12000/45286
概要: The purpose of this study is to clarify the existence form of female nurses in the host society who moved from Philippines, which is the world's most dispatching country of migrant workers, to Kuwait in the Middle East. Their living space is classified into three: working space, residential space, and social space. All of those are examined the actual condition in there and satisfaction of each space quantitatively. Much of the research that has been done so far on the work side of the nurses, and very little on their daily life. It is assumed that it is an important viewpoint to consider Philippine female nurses working in Kuwait from both sides, which are labor and life. By getting the permission of Kuwait Health Ministry, I conducted a questionnaire survey in the field and received 187 valid responses. As a result of analyzing and examining these, the following were clarified. Most of the informants work 6 days a week on hospital shifts, including night shifts. In doing so, they keep sending a large sum of their salary to their families in the Philippines. They are satisfied with the work they do in the workplace but are strongly dissatisfied with their working hours and wages. Their common underlying grievances result from ethnic issues such as the disparity in treatment between them and their Kuwaiti colleagues. Their percentage of unmarried is very high, and they continue to live in shared rooms in an old hospital dormitory. When they get married and form a household, they get out the hospital dormitory and start renting an apartment. At that time, they prioritized proximity to the workplace and the Philippine community, those were regarded as local conditions for choosing a place of residence. Their utilization of Philippine facilities was high for food and low for fashion. The event participation rate of the Philippine community was only a little over 30%. Only approximately 30% of the respondents had non-Philippine friends and had little interaction with other ethnic groups. Looking at these results spatially, it can be said that the living space of Philippine female nurses working in Kuwait is extremely small. This is caused by their occupation. Nurses move to the host society under a contract as immigrants and they have jobs and housing in the host society by making the contract. Furthermore, since their residence has located in a hospital or in a nearby hospital dormitory, they basically do not need to commute to their work. Even if a problem occurs in daily life, Philippines in hospitals and hospital accommodations are so many that they can easily connect each other and, can leverage them as their human capital. In other words, the spatial characteristics of migrant nurses can be seen in the fact that the working space, residential space, and social space required for immigrants to live in the host society are almost the same. 続きを見る
4.

論文(リポジトリ)

論文(リポジトリ)
宮内, 久光 ; Miyauchi, Hisamitsu
出版情報: 国際琉球沖縄論集 = International Review of Ryukyuan and Okinawan Studies.  pp.15-38,  2018-03-30.  琉球大学国際沖縄研究所 — International Institute for Okinawan Studies
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12000/42365
概要: 本研究は、1914 年から30 年間にわたり、日本が統治した南洋群島を対象地域とし、公共施設(行政的機能)と会社本社(経済的機能)という2 種類の近代的施設の立地を分析することで、中心地の成立と展開からみた南洋群島の地域形成を明らかにするも のである。南洋群島の中心地は、日本が統治を開始した直後の7地区から統治末期には54地区へと増加した。また、統治開始直後には、低次な中心地が並列するだけであったが、その後中心地間の格差が広がり、統治の最終段階では、高次から低次まで6 階層に分化するまでになった。南洋群島は島嶼型植民地であるため、中心地化も島嶼性が認められた。<br />This research targeted at Micronesia, south sea islands that Japan governed for over 30 years since 1914 and clarified the regional formation of Micronesia from the viewpoint of the formation and development of the central places by analyzing the location of two types of modern facilities such as public facilities and corporate headquarters. The central places of Micronesia increased from seven districts when Japan began to govern, to 54 districts in the end of the governance. In addition, in the beginning of governance, low-level central places were only arranged in parallel. However, the regional difference expanded and in the end of the governance, it was differentiate into 6 stages, from high-level to low-level. Since Micronesia was islands type colony, formation and development in central places were recognized as insularity. 続きを見る
5.

図書

図書
平岡昭利, 須山聡, 宮内久光編
出版情報: 東京 : 朝倉書店, 2018.10
所蔵情報: loading…
6.

電子ブック

EB
須山聡, 宮内久光, 助重雄久編著
出版情報: 大津 : 海青社, 2018.10
オンライン: https://elib.maruzen.co.jp/elib/html/BookDetail/Id/3000078891
7.

論文(リポジトリ)

論文(リポジトリ)
宮内, 久光 ; Miyauchi, Hisamitsu
出版情報: 人間科学 = Human Science.  pp.17-50,  2017-03.  琉球大学法文学部 — Faculty of Law and Letters University of the Ryukyus
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12000/36765
概要: 本研究では近代期の宇検村を研究対象地域とし、移民の移動パターンと移動要因、移動プロセスなどを概説的に紹介した上で,宇検村からの移民送出の特徴について考察することを目的としている。近代期における奄美大島宇検村からの移民は、移住システム理論の枠 組みで説明ができる。すなわち、宇検村の人口圧は極めて高いという内部条件に加えて、戦間期における慢性的に続く経済不況という外部環境による刺激を受け、村民の生活は困窮した。このような地域的な状況に対して、宇検村の人々は移民をすることで対応した。移民先は1920年代までがブラジルへ、1930年代前半は南洋群島へ、そして、1938(昭和13)年以降は満州へと、その時々の国際関係や日本の対外進出といった政治・社会状況に対応して移民先が変わっていた。ブラジル移民の事例では、宇検村出身者はブラジル渡航後に同郷ネットワークにより、居住地域に特徴が見られた。また、チェーンマイグレーションと呼ばれる連鎖移動も認められた。移住システム理論では,マクロ構造とミクロ構造の聞には、多数の「メソ構造」とよばれるような中間的メカニズムを重視する。従来の移民研究では、このメソ構造として、移民会社の役割が強調されてきたが、宇検村では移民送出に行政機関である宇検村役場が積極的に関与して、官民一体となった移民送出システムが構築されていたことが特徴としてあげられる。 続きを見る
8.

論文(リポジトリ)

論文(リポジトリ)
宮内, 久光 ; 稲, 綾香 ; Miyauchi, Hisamitsu ; Ina, Ayaka
出版情報: 移民研究 = Immigration Studies.  pp.49-84,  2017-08.  沖縄移民研究センター — Center for Okinawa Migration Studies
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12000/37290
概要: In the globalized modern, a new trend is emerging in the international migrant of labor. In other words, the migration of workers with advanced skills and the role of women are increasing. As a profession occupying a large proportion of the workers with advanced skills and the women, a nurse is usable. Especially, Philippines is the largest exporter of nurses. On the other hand,Middle East countries have accepted many Filipino nurses. The migration of population has been studied in three aspects, a migration stream, exterior environment and individuals of migrants. However, the research of the individuals of migrants did not proceed because carrying out a field survey is difficult in Middle East countries.In this research, we conduct questionnaires on Filipino female nurses who moved the international labor to Kuwait and clarify the aspects of individuals of migrants such as their family backgrounds, careers of migration and migratory process quantitatively. In addition, following the consideration, this research aims to make a geographical schematic diagram on the mechanism of the bilateral international migrations of labor.First of all, their birthplaces are dispersed throughout the Philippines, but in particular the Metropolitan Area, Manila and its adjacent Central Luzon Region are relatively large. Both regions are economically rich and related to the fact that there are many families that are rich enough to allow the children to go to college. Of their siblings, 1.2 people have experience immigrating to foreign countries. Approximately 30% of the respondents to the questionnaire have experienced migration to Kuwait.They are all go to university and are studying for four years at nurse training course. The location of the university is concentrated in the Metropolitan Area of Manila, but also distributed throughout the country. Even women born in rural areas can learn nursing at universities in the same region. After graduation, after they gained experience of nurses in the Philippines, they moved to Kuwait in the late 20s.Third, we consider a migratory process. As the reason why they decided to work in a foreigncountry, about 70% of respondents answered high salary and 40% would like to raise their expertise at advanced medical settings. Moreover, when moving to Kuwait, the number of people invited from relatives and friends who lives in Kuwait was 40%, and we could confirm that the social network is important for the movement. In addition, there are many people who are using employment agencies, and we can also confirm the importance of such mediators.Therefore, by using a Push-Pull Theory as a prerequisite, we presented a model of a migration mechanism with sufficient conditions of Migration System Theory. 続きを見る
9.

論文(リポジトリ)

論文(リポジトリ)
金城, 宏幸 ; 浜崎, 盛康 ; 町田, 宗博 ; 宮内, 久光 ; 酒井, アルベルト 清 ; Kinjo, Hiroyuki ; Hamasaki, Moriyasu ; Machida, Munehiro ; Miyauchi, Hisamitsu ; Sakai, Alberto
出版情報: 移民研究 = Immigration Studies.  pp.115-144,  2016-10.  沖縄移民研究センター — Center for Okinawa Migration Studies
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12000/36892
10.

論文(リポジトリ)

論文(リポジトリ)
金城, 宏幸 ; 町田, 宗博 ; 宮内, 久光 ; Kinjo, Hiroyuki ; Machida, Munehiro ; Miyauchi, Hisarnitsu
出版情報: 移民研究 = Immigration Studies.  pp.149-224,  2016-10.  沖縄移民研究センター — Center for Okinawa Migration Studies
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12000/36894