1.

論文(リポジトリ)

論文(リポジトリ)
Nakamura, Hideta ; Miyagi, Kazuya ; Otsuki, Mariko ; Higure, Yuuri ; Nishiyama, Naoya ; Kinjo, Takeshi ; Nakamatsu, Masashi ; Haranaga, Shusaku ; Tateyama, Masao ; Fujita, Jiro
出版情報: Internal Medicine.  59  pp.2945-2949,  2020-11-15.  The Japanese Society of Internal Medicine — 一般社団法人 日本内科学会
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12000/47366
概要: Treatment with tocilizumab (TCZ) to block interleukin-6 (IL-6) signalling is predicted to mitigate cytokine release syndrome (CRS) caused by coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). However, the adverse effects of TCZ on patients with COVID-19 remain unclear. We herein report a patient with COVID-19 treated with TCZ who developed acute hypertriglyceridaemia. Despite favipiravir treatment, acute respiratory distress syndrome developed in a 45-year-old patient with COVID-19; thus, TCZ was initiated. The triglyceride levels greatly increased after TCZ administration. Physicians should consider the negative impact of TCZ on the lipid profile in patients with COVID-19, although COVID-19-induced CRS itself may be an aggravating factor. 続きを見る
2.

論文(リポジトリ)

論文(リポジトリ)
Nakagawa, Tessui ; Uesato, Hiroki ; Burrell, Anthony K. ; Ichikawa, Takayuki ; Miyaoka, Hiroki ; Davis, Benjamin L. ; Kojima, Yoshitsugu
出版情報: Energies.  13  2020-10-23.  MDPI
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12000/47495
概要: “One-pot regeneration”, which is simple regneneration method of ammonia borane (AB) using hydrazine and liquid ammonia, enables conversion of AB from hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) after milling hydrogenation. Solution ^<11>B-NMR revealed the presence of AB after NH_3/N_2H_4 treatment of milled h-BN (BNH_x) although the yield of AB was less than 5%. The conversion mechanism was clarified as B-H bonds on the h-BN surface created by ball-milling under hydrogen pressure have an ability to form AB, which was confirmed by Thermogravimetry-Residual Gas Analysis (TG-RGA) and Infrared (IR) analysis. The reaction routes are also the same as regeneration route of polyborazylene because intermediates of AB such as (B(NH_2)_3 and hydrazine borane were found by solution ^<11>B-NMR after soaking BNH_x in liquid NH_3 and hydrazine, respectively. Because of the fact that all reactions proceed on the h-BN surface and no reaction proceeds when neat h-BN is treated, breaking of B_3N_3 ring structure and then creation of B-H bond is the key issue to increase conversion yield of AB. 続きを見る
3.

論文(リポジトリ)

論文(リポジトリ)
Yamasako, Junsuke ; Kuroda, Keita ; 山迫, 淳介 ; 黒田, 圭太
出版情報: Fauna Ryukyuana.  57  pp.13-15,  2020-10-02.  Ryukyu University Museum, Fujukan — 琉球大学資料館 (風樹館)
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12000/46859
概要: Cophinopoda chinensis (Fabricius, 1794) is newly recorded from the Miyako Islands, the Ryukyus, Japan, with DNA barcode data.<br />東南アジアに広く分布するアオメアブCophinopoda chinensisを池間島,伊良部島,宮古島,来間島にて採集された標本に基づいて宮古諸島より初めて記録し,来間島の1個体より得たDNAバーコード配列の登録情報を記した. 続きを見る
4.

論文(リポジトリ)

論文(リポジトリ)
Okuno, Junji ; Naruse, Tohru ; 奥野, 淳兒 ; 成瀬, 貫
出版情報: Fauna Ryukyuana.  57  pp.21-26,  2020-10-02.  Ryukyu University Museum, Fujukan — 琉球大学資料館 (風樹館)
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12000/46862
概要: A bizarre crab of the family Leucosiidae, Oreotlos pala Tan & Ng, 1996 is redescribed on the basis of four specimens , including three males and one female, collected from the Ryukyu Islands. This species was known only by the female holotype from Guam, the Mariana Islands. Our material from the Ryukyus enable us to describe the morphology of taxonomically important male characters (abdomen, telson, and gonopods) of this poorly known species for the first time. The assignment of the species to Oreotlos is fully confirmed.<br />久米島および宮古群島の伊良部島より採集された4個体の標本に基づき,コブシガニ科ツノカルイシコブシ属Oreotlos Ihle, 1918 のOreotlos pala Tan & Ng, 1996を再記載した.本種は,マリアナ諸島グアム島で採集された雌1個体に基づいて記載され,その後,川本・奥野(2003)による一般向けのガイドブックに久米島で撮影された個体の水中写真が掲載されているにすぎない稀種であった.本種の雄の形態はこれまで知られておらず,またホロタイプは鉗脚と歩脚を欠いているが,本研究の検討標本は原記載にも示されている頭胸甲背面の肝域後方,側方突出部,鰓域後方にそれぞれ1個大きく深いくぼみを有することにより,同種であると判断した.本種には標準和名が与えられていなかったため,頭胸甲背面に月面のクレーターを彷佛させる顕著なくぼみを有することから,ゲツメンカルイシコブシの新称を提唱する. 続きを見る
5.

論文(リポジトリ)

論文(リポジトリ)
Sinzato, Hotaka ; Zamami, Yu ; Kondo, Tsuyoshi
出版情報: Brain Sciences.  10  2020-09-27.  MDPI
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12000/47028
概要: For simultaneous screening of mixed features (MF) by DSM-5 and mixed depression (MD) by Benazzi, useful symptoms were extracted from our 12-item dimensional scale for depressive mixed state (DMX-12). Subjects were 190 consecutive cases with major depressive episode (MDE) who visited our clinic. Associations between symptomatological combinations of the DMX-12 and MF or MD were analyzed using receiver operating characteristic (ROC). The rate of MF was 4.2% while that of MD was 22.6%. Eight symptoms (overreactivity, inner tension, racing/crowded thought, impulsivity, irritability, aggression, risk-taking behavior, and dysphoria) with their AUC > 0.6 for ROC curves were specially focused on distinguishing patients with MF or MD from non-mixed patients. By using these 8 symptoms, 40.5% of the overall patients were screened as positive at the same cut-off value (≥13) for both MD and MF. The AUC of ROC curve and sensitivity/specificity were well balanced together with sufficient negative predictive values. The abovementioned 8 symptoms seem to be helpful for primary screening and negative check of DMX with considerable severity during MDE. 続きを見る
6.

論文(リポジトリ)

論文(リポジトリ)
Iwamoto, Kensuke ; Chang, Chin-Wei ; Imai, Hideyuki
出版情報: Biogeography : international journal of biogeography, phylogeny, taxonomy, ecology, biodiversity, evolution, and conservation biology.  22  pp.26-34,  2020-09-20.  Biogeographical Society of Japan — 日本生物地理学会
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12000/46909
概要: Studies have suggested that fishes with broad distribution ranges, long pelagic duration, and great mobility in their early life histories may have an advantage in their ability to return to their natal reef habitats. Siganus spinus is a siganid fish with a broad dispersal strategy, which may also exploit its great mobility to enhance self-recruitment. Variations in mitochondrial DNA sequences were analysed to estimate the genetic structure and demographic history of Siganus spinus in the West Pacific. In total, 446 nucleotide sequences, including the tRNAThr gene, the tRNAPro gene, and the first half of the control region, were analysed from 240 individuals sampled at five sites spanning the West Pacific Ocean; 37 haplotypes were identified. Our results showed significant geographic genetic structure as well as isolation by distance. Both neutrality tests and mismatch distribution indicated that the population expansion of S. spinus through the study area may have occurred in the late Quaternary. A dispersal strategy characterised by large juveniles and open-sea distribution may have contributed to a sudden population expansion after the last glacial period, along with an expansion of distribution. 続きを見る
7.

学位論文(リポジトリ)

学位
Li, Yilin ; 李, 益玲
出版情報: 2020-09-18.  University of the Ryukyus — 琉球大学
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12000/46785
8.

学位論文(リポジトリ)

学位
Adrianus, Bannepading
出版情報: 2020-09-18.  University of the Ryukyus — 琉球大学
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12000/46786
9.

学位論文(リポジトリ)

学位
Adewuyi, Oludamilare Bode
出版情報: 2020-09-18.  University of the Ryukyus — 琉球大学
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12000/46787
10.

学位論文(リポジトリ)

学位
Koswatta, Anupa
出版情報: 2020-09-18.  University of the Ryukyus — 琉球大学
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12000/46788